100 Most Important French Sentences: 1-10

100 Most Important French Sentences (1-10)

100 Most Important French Sentences: Part 1

100 Most Important French Phrases is a perfect way to start your French language learning

100 sentences doesn't mean 100 words !  It is more than that. Some of the words will repeat though and some of them won't belong to the 100 most important words list that you may find on the Internet. (I will publish an article about that soon). What I wanted was to create 100 simple, ready to use sentences that you will need as a beginner and which will form a base and a support for futher learning.  

If you have no previous experience with the French language, this is the place to start.  

Almost of the sentences concern the first person (I) to help you express the most important things concerning YOU. These can be easily transformed to ask for information about your speaker. 

The sentences are divided into categories. Starting from the given examples you may create even more than 100 sentences by changing the personal pronoun and the verb conjugation or by forming questions and answers.

Here is the first 10 sentences from the category: speaking about yourself. 

Speaking About Yourself 1

  French English Translation Explanation
1

Je suis américain. (man)

Je suis américaine. (woman)

I am American. In general, you need to add “e” to an adjective to get the feminine form. There are two genders in French: masculine and feminine. Thus: "un américain" but "une américaine", "un ami anglais" but "une amie française".  
2

Vous êtes français

Vous êtes française.

You are French. In formal speech to be polite with people you don’t know (adults), you need to use “Vous”, the plural form of the personal pronoun, instead of the informal "tu" reserved for the people you know, your friends and the people younger than you in general.
3 Tu es américain et elle est anglaise. You are French. Between friends, kids and people you know you use “tu” (you).
4 J’habite à New York. I live in New York. Verb “habiter” means “to live”. Je + habite becomes
“J’habite”, the “h” is silent here.
5 Où habitez-vous ? Where do you live ? The formal way of asking questions in French is to
switch the verb and the subject. But there are other
more common ways to ask questions: by adding "est-ce que"
or simply raising your intonation ?
6

On habite aux Etats-Unis.

Nous habitons aux Etas-Unis.

We live in the United States. “On” is the common ways of saying “we” or “nous” in French.
In spoken French you will hear "on" instead of "nous" 99% of
the time.
7 Je m’appelle John. My name is John. Literally “I call myself John”. “s’appeler” (se appeler) is one of the “pronominal verbs” which are very common in Romance languages.
“S’appeler" is also the verb with the “er” ending, the simplest and the most common type of verb to conjugate. Look at the difference between this sentence (7) and the next one (8) in terms of conjugation. You need to add "s" in the second person singular. The pronunciation stays the same however. 
8

Comment t’appelles-tu ?

Comment tu t'appelles(intonation)

What's your name ? Literally “How do you call yourself ?” te + appelles = t'appelles. There can't be two vowels next to each other. It makes the pronunciation easier. 
9 D’où viens-tu ? Where do you come from ? /
Where are you from ?
“Tu viens” comes from the verb “venir”, to come.
10 Je viens du Royaume Uni. I come from the United Kingdom. “venir de” (to come from) + le Royaume Uni = venir du
Royaume Uni. So, "de + le" = du.

 

 

French Vocabulary to Study in France 1

Sorbonne University, Paris

If you want to study in France as an international student, you will need to know some specific words and expressions related to schooluniversity and education in general.

You will find these useful whether you are on a study abroad French language program or just as a regular student at the French University or Grande Ecole. Here is the first part in the series related to studying in France

Study in France Vocabulary 

  French English
1 to enrol in a university s'inscrire dans une université
2 enrolment l'inscription (fem.)
3 a student card une carte d'étudiant
4 an undergraduate un(e) étudiant(e) de premier cycle
5 a fresher / a freshman un(e) étudiant(e) de première année
6 a postgraduate student un(e) étudiant(e) de troisième cycle
7 the academic year l'année universitaire (fem.)
8 a lecture une conférence
9 a lecture hall un amphitéâtre / un amphi (famlier)
10 a B.A. degree une licence de lettres

Exercises

Exercise 1: easy

Part 1: 

 

Part 2: 

Exercise 2: 

This year I'm going to enrol to the French university.
The enrolment to the university has been closed.
Do you have a student card ?
I'm an undergraduate student.
Lots of freshmen students are of foreign origin.
The postgraduate students are few.
The academic year has just begun.
It was a really interesting lecture.
All lectures are held in the lecture hall F.
I have a B.A in Modern Literature.

Do you want to know how to translate the above sentences ? Log in or  Become a member and access this and more interesting exercises that will help you learn more efficiently. 

 

10 Great Formal French Words to Amaze Your French Friends

Interesting Formal French Words

Here are some very common French words that are used in everyday speech and which you can express in a more formal way, giving a touch of “sophistication” to your language.

The truth is that you may become fed up with using the same words all the time. With these words you will bring your knowledge of French to the next level and surprise your French friends.

Even if you are a beginner, you will learn here some basic but essential French vocabulary that you will certainly find useful in everyday conversations. You come back later to learn their more advanced synonymes. 

Common French Words

with their Formal Synonyms

Basic French Word

Sophisticated French Synonym

Part of speech

English

Context

1. obsession

hantise

noun (fem)

obsession, obsessive fear

Avoir la hantise de la mort.

2. fatiguer

éreinter

verb

to exhaust, to wear somebody out

Ce chef d’entreprise éreinte tous ses employés.

3. extrêmement fatigué

exténué, éreinté

adjective

exhausted, worn out

Monter en haut de la Tour Eiffel m'a exténué.

4. drôle

hilarant

adjective

hilarious

Ce qui s’est passé était hilarant !

5. déplacé

incongrue

adjective

incongruous, out of place

Sa réponse a été complètement incongrue !

6. paresseux

indolent

adjective

indolent, lazy

Il est trop indolent pour réussir dans la vie.

7. ennuyeux

fastidieux

adjective

tedious, boring

Apprendre une leçon par coeur est très fastidieux.

8. voler

dérober

verb

to steal, to rob

On lui a dérobé son portefeuille.

9. cher

onéreux

adjective

expensive

C’est un achat très onéreux.

10. choquer

abasourdir

verb

to stun, to dumbfound

La nouvelle de son décès nous a abasourdis.

 

Exercises

Exercise 1:

 

Additional Exercises 

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French Vocabulary: Les vacances à la plage

Summer is here and this year you may be heading for France for holidays. Here is the first list of the common French words (with exercises) that you will need while at the beach in France

Vocabulary with audio: 

French 

English

1. bronzer 

1. to tan / to get tan / to sun

2. nager 

2. to swim

3. plonger 

3. to dive, to plunge.

4. faire la planche 

4. to float (lit. to do a board)

5. un coup de soleil 

5. sunburn

6. l’ombre 

6. shade

7. les lunettes de soleil 

7. the sunglasses

8. les vagues 

8. waves

9. le sable 

9. the sand

10. un matelas gonflable 

10. an inflatable mattress

les-vacances

Exercises

Exercise 1: 

Exercise 2 A: 

Exercise 2 B: 

 

Getting Student Accommodation in France

Finding Accomodation in France

A brief note on what you need to know about finding a dormitory or other form of accomodation when coming to France to study. While it might seem easier for exchange students to be offered a dormitory, the opportunities also exist for the non-exchange students.  

1. The Most Important Place to Know: CROUS

First of all, let's take a look the CROUS institution. CROUS in an acronym in French for Centre Régional des Œuvres Universitaires et Scolaires, which is an organisation dealing with things related to French universities and their students, among others.

It helps both local and foreign students. Each city / region in France has its own CROUS and there are 20 CROUS centers in France. It is the place for every student in France. In CROUS you will find help on how to:

  • Pay or fund your studies

  • Get help in any situation throughout your studies (social work services)

  • How to find accommodation (University dorms, private housing, flatsharing)

  • University restaurant

  • Get help for your student projects (financial help, organisation, etc.)

Therefore, if you arrive out of the blue to any French city, without having found an accomodation in advance, CROUS is the place you need to head. 

2. You Are On A Foreign Student Exchange Program

You automatically get a file from your University. You need to complete the file and return it with all the necessary documents specified in that file (your id, proof of enrollement, residence permit, bank account details, etc.). The University will inform you whether you will get the University dorm or not. In general, it depends on the number of places and the date your application (the sooner the better).  

Once you have been granted a dormitory, you will have to pay a security deposit (1 month of rent) on the bank account of CROUS to confirm the reservation. You may also be asked to provide  “a commitment of joint and several guarantee” (la caution solidaire in French), which is a security check in case you changed your mind and didn’t want to pay you rent. But it only applies to the private sector in general, so no worries. 

3. You Are NOT On A Foreign Student Exchange Program

If you want to get a university dorm, you must know that you don’t have the priority and all you can do is to put your name on a waiting list at the end of August. Your request should be treated at the beginning of September.  

The places at the University dorms are rapidly taken, so your chances of getting one are rather slim. You’d better start looking for accommodation in private student residence, a private flat or flat sharing (la collocation) opportunities. The are plenty of websites offering flats to rent or flat sharing. However, few of them are in English.    

If you don’t get the University dorm, don’t panic. Finding a private flat or flat sharing may turn out even a better option for you. It might be a stressful and difficult situation to anyone anywhere, but you must know that France has the APL (Aide Personnalisée au Logement), a very unique and interesting way of helping students, whether their are local or foreign, in paying their rent. Check out their information brochure on the CAF website.

How to Get a Student Accomodation in France (1)

More Information: 

  1. Crous
  2. CAF