French Nationalities

France-nationalities

Knowing the names of different nationalities (les nationalités) will not only allow you to tell something about yourself but also it will help you to get to know better the person you are talking to, especially if he/she is a foreigner.

Things to remember:

  • As with majority of the French adjectives, there is a masculine and feminine form for most of the names of nationalities. All you need to do is to add an "-e" to the masculine form.  Eg. français / française

    • Most of the time it will change the pronunciation  français / française (z) but there are some exceptions where it stays the same: Eg. espagnol / espagnole
    • If the name of the adjective of nationality ends with "-e", the word stays the same. Eg. Paul est suisse. / Marie est suisse
  • The names of nationalities in French are written in small letters, unlike in the English language !

Names of Nationalities in French: 

French French feminine English
français française French
anglais anglaise English
sénégalais sénégalaise Senegalese
marocain marocaine Moroccan
allemand allemande German
russe russe Russian
américain américaine American
espagnol espagnole Spanish
suédois suédoise Swedish
britannique britannique British
écossaise écossaise Scottish

Names of the Countries 

You may also want to learn the names of the countries in French that go with the names of these nationalities. Have a look at this lesson. 

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Lesson 10: What do you like doing in your free time ?

Simple French Lesson 10 on how to say what your hobbies are and what you like doing. Learn how to ask questions and how to answer using “I / You like”.

1. Dialogue : “Qu’est ce que tu aimes faire ?”

Antoine: Qu’est-ce que tu aimes faire Marie ?
Marie: Tu veux dire pendant mon temps libre ?
Antoine: Exactement. Quel est ton passe temps favori ?
Marie: J’aime lire et regarder des films.
Antoine: Quel genre de livres aimes-tu ?
Marie: J’aime les livres d’aventure et de la littérature populaire. Pour les films, j’adore les vieux films français. Et toi, Antoine ?
Antoine: Moi, j’aime la musique. Ecouter, jouer et chanter, ce sont mes passions !

 

2. Notes

Grammar
Vocabulary
Useful expressions
Additional Vocabulary

3. Exercises

Translate the following sentences:

1. What do you like doing ?
Qu'est-ce que ?
2. What do you mean ?
Qu' ?
3. I love Paris !
!
4. We like Spanish food.
Nous .
5. They (feminine) don't like travelling.
Elles .
6. I somewhat like this car.
cette voiture.

4. Homework

  1. Write what you like doing. Choose 1 or 2 activities that you like, 1 that you like so-so and 1 you don’t like. Do this in the first person singular ( Je ….) and the second person singular (Tu …)
  2. Learn the dialogue by heart. You may replace the activities you like with the ones of your choice.

The cover image by Vincent Anderlucci.

Lesson 9: French Alphabet

In this lesson you will learn the sounds of French letters and how to spell the words in French.

1. French Alphabet

L’alphabet français:

French Letter

B

2. Notes

The French alphabet consists of 26 letters five of which may have variations unknown to the English language. But to keep it simple, we say for now that all the letters of the French alphabet are the same as English ones.

3. Exercises

Spell the following words:

  1. Brown
  2. Dupont
  3. Richardson
  4. Kowalski
  5. Je suis à Paris.

 

Lesson 8: French Basic Words and Expressions 3: Questions and Exclamations

The third part of “Learn the basic words and sentences in French”. Learn the basic Greeting words in French. If you want to start with something really simple or if you just want to to be speaking some basic French words to be polite with the French people on your journey to a French speaking country, then this lesson is for you. You may also see this lesson as a reminder of the words you had learned long, long time ago. Have fun !

1. French Basic Words: Questions and Exclamations

French English
1. Comment allez-vous How are you ? (polite, formal)
2. Ça va How are you doing ? / Is everything all right ? (informal)
3. Tout va bien Is everything all right ? (more formal)
4. Il n’y a pas de problème No problem ! / That’s all right !
5. Allez-y (Please) Go on ! (formal)
6. Ça y est !   That’s it ! / Got it !
7. C’est du n’importe quoi That’s nonsense !
8. C’est fou That’s crazy !
9. C’est bon That’s ok ! / I got it / No worries !

2. Notes

There aren’t any notes so far.

3. Exercise

Translate the following into French:

1. please ! (informal, friendly)
!
2. please ! (formal, polite)
!
3. Thank You !
.
4. Thank You very much !
!
5. You're welcome !
! (formal)
6. Don't mention it ! (friendly)
!
7. You're welcome ! (polite)
!
8. Excuse-me / Sorry ! (formal, polite)

9. I'm sorry !
!
10.(I'm) sorry !
.

4. Homework

  1. Learn the words by heart.
  2. Try to imagine a scene in which each of these expressions could occur and write them down.

 

 

Lesson 7: French Basic Words and Expressions 2: Requesting, Thanking, Apologising.

Learn the basic Greeting words in French. If you want to start with something really simple or if you just want to to be speaking some basic French words to be polite with the French people on your journey to a French speaking country, then this lesson is for you. You may also see this lesson as a reminder of the words you had learned long, long time ago. Have fun !

1. Basic French Words: Requesting, Thanking, Apologising.

French English
1. s’il te plaît Please ! (informal, friendly)
2. s’il vous plaît Please ! (formal, polite)
3. Merci Thank You !
4. Merci beaucoup !   Thank You very much !
5. De rien ! (formal)  You’re welcome !
6. Il n’y a pas de quoi Don’t mention it ! (friendly)
7. Je vous en prie You’re welcome ! (polite)
8. Excusez-moi Excuse-me / Sorry ! (formal, polite)
9. Je suis désolé I’m sorry !
10. Désolé (I’m) sorry !

2. Notes

The same as in the previous lesson with Greetings.

3. Exercise

Click to show the explanation of the exercise
1. please ! (informal, friendly)
!
2. please ! (formal, polite)
!
3. Thank You !
.
4. Thank You very much !
!
5. You're welcome !
! (formal)
6. Don't mention it ! (friendly)
!
7. You're welcome ! (polite)
!
8. Excuse-me / Sorry ! (formal, polite)

9. I'm sorry !
!
10.(I'm) sorry !
.

4. Homework

  1. Read all the words aloud 5 times. Read the words slowly, exaggerating the sounds with each word. Make a short break (5 seconds) after each reading.
  2. Learn the words by heart. (You need to hit 100 % in the translation exercise above without any help)
  3. Imagine in what situations could these words be used.