Lesson 12: In the Louvre Museum

In this lesson you will discover the Louvre Museum of Paris, the most visited museum in the world ! You will learn the French vocabulary and structures that will allow you to make the most of your visit in Louvre and your stay in Paris: how to buy tickets and ask for specific information. You will see how to use the French conditional sentences to sound more polite and how to express that you have only small quantity of something.  Enjoy !  

1. Dialogue: Au musée du Louvre

Le musée du Louvre est le musée le plus visité au monde. Vous êtes à Paris et vous décidez d’aller le visiter. Malheureusement, vous n’avez qu’une demi-journée à consacrer à votre visite.

Au guichet (at the counter) :

Madame: Bonjour, je voudrais deux entrées s’il-vous-plaît.  

Caissier : Deux billets adultes ? 30 euros s’il-vous-plaît.

Monsieur: Est-ce que vous auriez un guide ? Nous ne savons pas par où commencer

Caissier: Bien sûr. Pour vous repérer dans le musée vous avez des plans sur le comptoir à gauche. Ils sont gratuits.

Le mieux c’est de prendre en location un audio-guide. Cela ne coûte que 6 euros et il contient les commentaires concernant toutes les œuvres du musée..  

Monsieur: Par contre nous n’avons pas beaucoup de temps. Auriez-vous un plan avec les œuvres les plus intéressantes ?

Caissier: Bien entendu Monsieur. Il s’appelle “Les incontournables”. Dedans, vous avez les plus grands chefs-d'oeuvre que le Louvre vous présente. Le voici.

Monsieur: C’est parfait ! Merci beaucoup.

Caissier: A votre service monsieur, dames. Bonne journée et bonne visite !

Monsieur: Merci ! Bonne journée à vous.

Caissier: Au revoir.

Madame: Au revoir !   

2. Notes

Dialogue Vocabulary

French English
(le) monde world. / au monde (a + le = au) : in the world
consacrer to give time to / to devote time to
un guichet counter / desk / ticket office
une entrée entrance ticket
un billet a ticket / a pass / also a banknote (Eg. un billet de 5 euros)
commencer to start / to begin
se repérer: to locate / to get your bearings / to find your way
un comptoir: counter / bar
à gauche / à droite on the left / on the right
le mieux the best
location / prendre en location to rent
oeuvre(s): work (of art)
par contre however / on the other hand
intéressat(e) Interesting / attractive
un chef-d’œuvre: a masterpiece / crowning achievement
bien entendu of course / naturally
les incontournables: indispensable / that cannot be avoided
dedans Inside

Additional Vocabulary

French English
   
L’art et les œuvres d’art Art and the Works of Art
une exposition / une expo an exhibition
une collection a collection
un tableau a painting
une peinture a painting
une peinture à l’huile an oil painting
une aquarelle a watercolor
un portrait a portrait
peindre to paint
un peintre a painter
une sculpture a sculpture
un sculpteur a sculptor
sculpter to sculpt

Grammar

  1. Conditional French :

In general, the conditional structure is used to make a hypothesis about something. It is characterized by the use of the word “if” (si in French) and "would" in the English language and the root of verb in the future tense (eg. the verb "aller" (to go).

The root of the "aller" verb in the future tense is ir. Eg. Demain, j'irai à la plage. (Tomorrow, I will go to the beach.) + the suffix of the French imperfect tense ( –ais, –ais, –ait, –ions, –iez, –aient). The first three endings of the singular pronouns are pronounced exactly the same     

Eg.

  1. If had more money, I would travel around the world.

Si j’avais plus d’argent, je voyagerais autour du monde.

  1. If I were you, I wouldn’t do it.

Si j’étais toi, je ne le ferais pas.

 

But conditional can also be used to ask politely for something or to give an advice or suggest something.

Eg.

Auriez-vous un guide ? is a polite way of saying:  

Do you have a guide ? or Do you happen to have a guide ?

It is more polite than saying:

Avez-vous un guide ?

or

Vous avez un guide ? (no inversion in question)

 Even though both of these sentences are correct and polite (using the “vous” form, or “vouvoiement”) 

 

The pronunciation can be daunting at the beginning but if you master the conditionals it will mean you have come a long way in learning the French language. Don’t worry if you make mistakes with conditionals. The French people make them to (as well as in subjunctive case)

Other Examples:

I would like a ticket.

Je voudrais un billet.

I would like to know what you think about it.

J’aimerais avoir ton avis sur le sujet.

B. Ne + verb + que

A very frequent way of expressing small quantity of something, it is translated in English with the word “only”

Consider this example:

This book is expensive. It costs 30 euros.

Ce livre est cher. Il coûte 30 euros.

The other book isn’t expensive. It only costs 3 euros.

L’autre livre n’est pas cher. Il ne coûte que 3 euros.

3. Exercises

Input Explanation

Type in the French translation of the sentence in English. If you are stuck or need a suggestion, look closely into the dialogue above. Some detail might have escaped your attention.


  The punctuation marks have already been added there for you. Don't add the punctuation mark ( " . ", " ? ", " ! ") at the end of the sentence as it won't validate your answer ! Sometimes you may be asked to add a comma ( " , ") inside a sentence.
  For the French characters, if you don't know how to type them on your keyboard, please use the virtual keyboard provided below the exercise. The French characters are necessary for the sentences to be correctly completed. Otherwise, your sentence won't be validated.
  Please, remember: this kind of exercise, that is reading the lesson first and then trying to retrieve it from your memory and / or helping yourself by looking back into the lesson is EXTRAORDINARILY efficient. You will be surprised how fast you will learn and how quickly you will actually build your own sentences.

1. I would like to adult tickets, please.
, s'il-vous-plaît.

2. Do you happen to have a guide (book) ?
Est-ce que ?

3. It only costs 6 euros.
6 euros.

4. Do you happen to have a map with the most interesting works of art ?
?

5. The greatest masterpieces of Louvre.
de Louvre.

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