Lesson 6: French Basic Words and Expressions 1: Greetings

Learn the basic Greeting words in French. If you want to start with something really simple or if you just want to to be speaking some basic French words to be polite with the French people on your journey to a French speaking country, then this lesson is for you.

1. Text: List of Basic French Words and Expressions 1: Greetings

 

French English
1. Salut  Hello
2. Bonjour  Good morning
3. Bonsoir  Good evening
4. Au revoir  Goodbye
5. à bientôt  See you soon
6. à plus tard  See you later
7. à demain  See you tomorrow
8. Bonne journée  Have a nice day
9. Bon après-midi  Enjoy your afternoon
10. Bonne soirée  Have a nice evening
11. Bonne nuit  Good night

2. Notes

What you should know about the French and their language is that in general the French are really polite. Whatever has been said about people from Paris (which is another subject), politeness is ubiquitous in France. While dealing with the locals, you will hear a lot of “merci”, “excusez-moi”, and “s’il-vous-plaît”. It is perfectly normal to say “Bonjour” to complete strangers, the people you are just passing by while walking alone on the street. No one will think you are strange or crazy. It is perfectly normal here!

3. Exercises

Click to show the explanation of the exercise
1. Hello !

2. Good morning / Hello !

3. Good evening.

4. Goodbye / Bye for now !

5. See you soon !

6. See you later !

7. See you tomorrow !

8. Have a nice / good day !

9. Enjoy your afternoon !

10. Have a good evening !

11. Good night !

4. Homework

  1. Read all the words aloud 5 times. Read the words slowly, exaggerating the sounds with each word. Make a short break (5 seconds) after each reading.
  2. Learn the words by heart. (You need to hit 100 % in the translation exercise above without any help)
  3. Imagine in what situations you could use these words.

Lesson 2: How old are you ?

Learn how to tell your age in French, ask and compare your age with others and speak about other members of your family. You will learn more about the conjugation and the use of the French Present Simple Tense ( Le présent de l’indicatif ), as well as the French comparatives and superlatives.

1. Dialogue: Quel âge as-tu ?

Quel âge as-tu ?
– J’ai 25 ans. Et toi?
Moi, j’ai 3 ans de moins que toi.
Alors, tu as 22 ans.
C’est exact. Je suis plus jeune que toi.
– Tu veux dire que je suis vieux ?
Bien sûr que non ! 25 ans c’est le meilleur âge !
– Et quel âge a ta sœur ?
Elle a 15 ans. Je suis plus âgé qu’elle.
– Oui, ça fait 10 ans de différence entre vous deux.

simple french lessons, audio diaologue in a café
Paris-Louvre-Luc-Mercelis-Flickr

2. Notes

Notes on French grammar, vocabulary, phonetics and language in general.

Dialogue Vocabulary
Additional Vocabulary

Grammar

3. Exercise: Translate into French

Click for more information about this exercise
1. How old are you ?
?
2. I'm 25 years old.
.
3. I'm 3 years younger than you. (lit. I have 3 years less than you).
.
4. Then, you are 22 years old.
.
5. That's right. (That's correct.)
.
6. I'm younger than you.
.
7. You want to say that I'm old ? (You mean I'm old ?)
?
8. Of course not !
!
9. 25 is the best age !
25 ans !
10. And how old is your sister ?
Et ?
11. She is 15 years old.
.
12. I'm older than her.
Je .
13. There is (lit. It makes) 10 years of difference between you two.
.

4. Homework

  1. Read the dialogue aloud 3 times. Do it slowly, be careful with your pronunciation. You need to feel your facial and tongue muscles work. This will do miracles to your pronunciation and will make your speech more automatic and fluent.
  2. Write about your age. Compare yourself to your siblings. If you are the only child, compare yourself to your parents or cousins (les cousins).
  3. Get 100% of correct answers in the translation exercise.

Lesson 3: Nice to Meet You !

simple-french lessons

Learn what to say in French when you meet people for the first time and how to introduce other people. Look up the words and do the interactive exercise at the end check your knowledge of the vocabulary from the dialogue.

1. Dialogue

Nice to Meet You !

Alberto, un garçon italien, va à l’Université il a cours de français. Sur son chemin il rencontre Marc, un ami français.

Marc: Salut Alberto !
Alberto: Salut Marc ! Comment ça va ?
Marc: Ça va bien. Et toi ?
Alberto: Moi aussi, merci.
Marc: est-ce que tu vas ?
Alberto: Je vais à la fac. J’ai un cours de français dans une demi heure.
Marc: Alberto, je te présente Marie. C’est une amie.
Alberto: Enchanté Marie !
Marie: Salut Alberto !


2. Notes

Vocabulary
Grammar

Phonetics

metro-paris-stephen-h-flickr


3. Exercises

Explanation of the exercise

Translate the following sentences

1. How is it going ?
?
2. How are you ?
?
3. Fine, and you ?
a) It goes well, ...
?
b) I'm (going/doing) well, ...
?
4. I’m going to the uni.
Je .
5. (Let me) introduce you to Marie.
Marie.
6. Nice to meet you !
!
7. He has got his French lesson at the University.
Il à l’Université.
8. Where are you going ?
?

 


 

4. Homework

  1. Read the dialogue out loud several times (3-5  times). The same goes for the pronunciation exercise.
  2. Using what you have learnt in lessons 1 and 2, write a short dialogue between Marie and Alberto. Write the possible questions that Marie could ask Alberto and make up the answers for Marie too (her age, nationality, where she is going).

 

Lesson 5: What do you do for a living ?

Learn how to ask somebody for his / her profession. Learn different profession names in French, how to ask polite questions and what the possessive adjectives are. You will also see the difference between “tu” and “vous“, or how to politely address to other people.

1. Dialogue: What do you do for a living ?

Qu’est-ce que vous faites dans la vie ?

Qu’est-ce que vous faites dans la vie Monsieur  ?
– Je suis professeur d’histoire.
Et vous Madame, que faites-vous dans la vie ?
– Je suis médecin. Je travaille dans un hôpital.
Qu’est-ce que votre voisin fait dans la vie, Monsieur ?
– Mon voisin ? Je crois qu’il est pompier.
Que fait votre fille dans la vie ?
– Ma fille est vétérinaire.
Et toi, qu’est-ce que tu fais dans la vie?
– Je travaille dans un salon de coiffure. Je suis coiffeur.


 2. Notes

Grammar

Additional Grammar


 3. Exercises

Type in the French translation of the sentence in English. If you are stuck or need a suggestion, look closely into the dialogue above. Some detail might have escaped your attention.
  The punctuation marks have already been added there for you. Don't add the punctuation mark ( " . ", " ? ", " ! ") at the end of the sentence as it won't validate your answer ! Sometimes you may be asked to add a comma ( " , ") inside a sentence.
  For the French characters, if you don't know how to type them on your keyboard, please use the virtual keyboard provided below the exercise. The French characters are necessary for the sentences to be correctly completed. Otherwise, your sentence won't be validated.
  Please, remember: this kind of exercise, that is reading the lesson first and then trying to retrieve it from your memory and / or helping yourself by looking back into the lesson is EXTRAORDINARILY efficient. You will be surprised how fast you will learn and how quickly you will actually build your own sentences.

1. What do you do for a living, sir?
Qu’est-ce que , Monsieur ?
2. What does your neighbour do for a living ?
a) ? (polite)
b) ? (friendly)
3. She is a doctor.
.
4. I’m a firefighter and she’s a veterinary.
Je .
5. I work at school.
.
6.I’m a professor of French
.
7. Where do you work ? (friendly)
a. ? (inversion)
b. ? (est-ce que)

4. Homework

  1. Write in French what kind of work you do and where (in what place) you work. Record your work.
  2. Choose 5 people from your surroundings and write what their professions are and where they work.

Lesson 4: Talk about Yourself

Learn how to briefly talk about yourself in French. Learn how say what your name and age are, where you live (city and country), what you do for a living, what you like doing, where you work and what languages you speak. Audio text with interactive exercises to improve your learning.

Read the text below and listen to the audio for pronunciation. Next, do the reading comprehension exercise and answer the questions at the end. For any problems with comprehension, take a look into the Notes section.

1. Text: Talk About Yourself in French

Bonjour. Je m’appelle Marie.
Jai 27 ans et jhabite à Nantes, en France.
Jai toujours vécu dans cette ville.
Je suis professeur de français et je travaille à l’Université.
J’aime apprendre les langues étrangères.
Je parle anglais et espagnol.
J’aime également sortir avec des amis et voyager.
Je suis déjà allée* en Allemagne, en Pologne, en Espagne,  en Angleterre et en Irlande.
Et toi, quels pays as-tu visités ?

2. Notes

Vocabulary
Grammar

3. Exercises

Reading Comprehension: 

Explanation of the exercise
1. I live in Paris.
.
2. We have already been to Ireland.
Nous .
3. I lived in Germany.
.
4. I am an English teacher.
Je .
5. I work at school.
.
6. I like to speak French.
.
7. I have learned to speak French.
.

4. Homework

  1. Write about yourself following the structure of the dialogue in this lesson. You need to include:
    1. what your name is and how old you are
    2. where you live (city, country)
    3. what kind of work you do and where you work
    4. what you like doing
    5. what foreign languages you speak
    6. what countries you have visited
  2. Or answer the following questions. Record the answers, upload them to SoundCloud and post them in the comments below or on my Facebook page:
    1. Quel est ton prénom ?
    2. Quel âge as-tu ?
    3. Que fais-tu dans la vie ? (Où travailles-tu ?)
    4. Qu’est-ce que tu aimes faire ?
    5. Quelles langues étrangères parles-tu ?
    6. Quels pays étrangers as-tu visités ?
  3. Learn by heart the answers you have created.