etre / avoir simple translation exercise

After you have done the être/avoir conjugation exercise, you may try something more difficult. You need to translate some parts of the sentences from the previous exercise back into French. This is one of the best exercises to make you memory really work and stick those sentences well in you memory ! Try as many times as you need to score 100% in one go. Good luck !


French Conjugation of Etre and Avoir

It this lesson you will learn or consolidate, if you have gone through the 1st and 2nd part of my French Lessons for Beginners, the conjugation and use of the two most important verbs in the French language: Etre and Avoir.  

1. Etre / Avoir

Interesting facts and advantages of learning well from the start of etre (to be) and avoir (to have):

  • Two the most important verbs in almost any language
  • Because of that, you will be able to express all the basic things concerning yourself
  • Etre and avoir are essential in constructing the other tenses and structures in the French language (past, future, conditional, perfect)
  • Two irregular verbs, which means they conjugate differently from other verbs
  • In both verbs, the second ( tu ) and the third( il/elle ) person singular are pronounced in the same way (although they are written a bit differently)


2. Conjugation of Etre and Avoir:

Without a further ado here is the conjugation with the example sentences to make your learning the most effective:

être = to be avoir = to have
Je suis français. I am French.


Tu es allemand. You are German.

Il est jeune. He is young.

Elle est belle. She is pretty.

Nous sommes ensemble. We are together.

Vous êtes arrivés*. You have arrived.

Ils sont contents*. They are happy.

Elles sont contentes**. They are happy.

J’ai une voiture rapide. I have a fast car.


Tu as une jolie maison. You have a nice house.

Il a 10 ans. You are 10 years old.

Elle a un frère. She has one brother.

Nous avons terminé. We have finished.

Vous avez une question. You have a question.

Ils ont perdu. They have lost.

Elles ont peur.  They are afraid (lit. The have fear)

* you need to add "s" to a verb in the plural form. Just to let you know.

** If the verb is in plural and feminine form, you need to add 's' (plural) and 'e' (feminine)

3. Famous quotations or proverbs with etre and avoir

To make your lesson more memorable: famous quotations / proverbs with etre and avoir:

être avoir
1. Je pense donc je suis. (René Descartes)


2. Etre, ou ne pas être, c'est là la question.


3. “Non ! Je suis ton père !” (Darth Vador)

1. Avoir un chat dans la gorge.


To have a frog in one’s throat.
2. Avoir une faim de loup.

I could eat a horse.

4. Exercises


5. Homework: write a poem or a text of a song.

One of the very efficient ways of acquiring any foreign language (if not the most and in the end that’s the goal after all) is to make a creative use of the language.

Your task is to create a short poem or a text of a song (5 to 10 lines, but you are free to create as many as you wish). If you have a very small vocabulary, you may use only the French words from this lesson (look at the examples I used). You don’t need to be the next Flaubert or Molière in order to write poetry ! Very often, the best results are achieved with very simple things, so don’t be afraid to write poetry in French, even if you are only starting to learn it !

Post your poem in the comments. Let’s show so human creativity here !     

Lesson 10: What do you like doing in your free time ?

Simple French Lesson 10 on how to say what your hobbies are and what you like doing. Learn how to ask questions and how to answer using “I / You like”.

1. Dialogue : “Qu’est ce que tu aimes faire ?”

Antoine: Qu’est-ce que tu aimes faire Marie ?
Marie: Tu veux dire pendant mon temps libre ?
Antoine: Exactement. Quel est ton passe temps favori ?
Marie: J’aime lire et regarder des films.
Antoine: Quel genre de livres aimes-tu ?
Marie: J’aime les livres d’aventure et de la littérature populaire. Pour les films, j’adore les vieux films français. Et toi, Antoine ?
Antoine: Moi, j’aime la musique. Ecouter, jouer et chanter, ce sont mes passions !


2. Notes

Useful expressions
Additional Vocabulary

3. Exercises

Translate the following sentences:

1. What do you like doing ?
Qu'est-ce que ?
2. What do you mean ?
Qu' ?
3. I love Paris !
4. We like Spanish food.
Nous .
5. They (feminine) don't like travelling.
Elles .
6. I somewhat like this car.
cette voiture.

4. Homework

  1. Write what you like doing. Choose 1 or 2 activities that you like, 1 that you like so-so and 1 you don’t like. Do this in the first person singular ( Je ….) and the second person singular (Tu …)
  2. Learn the dialogue by heart. You may replace the activities you like with the ones of your choice.

The cover image by Vincent Anderlucci.

Lesson 2: How old are you ?

Learn how to tell your age in French, ask and compare your age with others and speak about other members of your family. You will learn more about the conjugation and the use of the French Present Simple Tense ( Le présent de l’indicatif ), as well as the French comparatives and superlatives.

1. Dialogue: Quel âge as-tu ?

Quel âge as-tu ?
– J’ai 25 ans. Et toi?
Moi, j’ai 3 ans de moins que toi.
Alors, tu as 22 ans.
C’est exact. Je suis plus jeune que toi.
– Tu veux dire que je suis vieux ?
Bien sûr que non ! 25 ans c’est le meilleur âge !
– Et quel âge a ta sœur ?
Elle a 15 ans. Je suis plus âgé qu’elle.
– Oui, ça fait 10 ans de différence entre vous deux.

simple french lessons, audio diaologue in a café

2. Notes

Notes on French grammar, vocabulary, phonetics and language in general.

Dialogue Vocabulary
Additional Vocabulary


3. Exercise: Translate into French

Click for more information about this exercise
1. How old are you ?
2. I'm 25 years old.
3. I'm 3 years younger than you. (lit. I have 3 years less than you).
4. Then, you are 22 years old.
5. That's right. (That's correct.)
6. I'm younger than you.
7. You want to say that I'm old ? (You mean I'm old ?)
8. Of course not !
9. 25 is the best age !
25 ans !
10. And how old is your sister ?
Et ?
11. She is 15 years old.
12. I'm older than her.
Je .
13. There is (lit. It makes) 10 years of difference between you two.

4. Homework

  1. Read the dialogue aloud 3 times. Do it slowly, be careful with your pronunciation. You need to feel your facial and tongue muscles work. This will do miracles to your pronunciation and will make your speech more automatic and fluent.
  2. Write about your age. Compare yourself to your siblings. If you are the only child, compare yourself to your parents or cousins (les cousins).
  3. Get 100% of correct answers in the translation exercise.