10 Essential French Verbs For Tourists (With Examples)
The summer vacation is approaching, and you might be thinking: “I’m going to France and the only words I know are Bonjour and Merci”. The good news is these are two most important words in any language of any country you are visiting. It’s the strictest minimum that you should know if you don’t want to be considered as a complete philistine and ignoramus.
The bad news is that it’s too late to jump on a complete French language course as you certainly won’t have time to finish it and you remember much when faced with a real life French speaking situation. (However, you never know, people can sometimes do amazing things, and the motivation and the drive to achieve something are the most incredible things, especially in learning).
If you want learn fast, you must start small and be able to see the “frame” of what you are trying to accomplish. The material must be concrete, understandable and easy to acquire by the means of some stimulating exercises.
Masculine Feminine Definite Articles with the Names of Countries in French
When evoking the names of countries in French, you will usually use a definite French masculine, feminine or plural article (le / la / les) to go with it.
It means that when speaking about a specific country, let’s take France and Germany for example, you will need to say ” l’Allemagne” but not “Allemagne” and “la France” and not just “France”. Example:
A: Quel est le nom du pays à l’est de la France ? What’s the name of the country east of France ?
B: C’estl’Allemagne. It’s Germany.
However if you are interested in expressing in French the idea of going to a country, city or continent (Eg. Je suis à Paris, Je vais en Russie, Je vis aux Etats-Unis), you should check the “à”, “en” and “aux” lesson.
When Use the Definite Article ?
In general, you must use a definite article in front of the names of countries, continents, mountains, seas, lakes and rivers. Some of the frequent usage examples:
In this lesson you will learn how to approach people in the street and ask politely for information. You will learn the vocabulary related to travel and you will also be introduced to the French conditional. The content of this lesson corresponds to A2 CEFR level of French. Enjoy ! Asking for information = demander des renseignements
Excusez-moi, je suis perdu. Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il-vous-plaît ?
How well do you know the French Present, Past, Future Tenses ?
One of the efficient ways to assimilategrammar is to use it in a meaningfulcontext.
Read the story of a person who lives in France. Choose the appropriate form of the verb. The present, past and the future tenses are used. This exercise is useful not only to check your knowledge of the different forms of different important French verbs, it is also an example of how to speak about you: where you are from, what your nationality is, what your work is, what you did in the past and what you would like to do in the future.
Listen to this iconic French song and try to fill in the lyrics in the exercise below.
This song is quite interesting in terms of learning content. Several interesting expressions are still in use today, lots of basic albeit important vocabulary. And the famous “trilling” French r that that was quite in vogue at that epoch.