French Adjectives 1

It’s really important to master well the French adjectives as they are a lot different from the English ones for example. The French adjectives reflect the gender and the number of the noun(s) they describe. The French adjective can be either masculine, feminine, singular or plural. It seems like a lot but it is not that hard. Besides there are some simple rules that apply and the truth is that even the French sometimes confuse the correct forms of their adjectives. Here are the rules:

Adding “-e” to the adjective

Gender: Masculine or Feminine. Masculin ou féminin in French. The general rule is to add an “-e ” to the masculine adjective.

Exemple:

Masculine Feminine
  • Julien est grand et intelligent.*
  • Ce film est joli.
  • Il est marié
  • Un véhicule rouge**
  • Joanna est grande et intelligente.
  • Cette histoire est jolie.
  • Elle est mariée
  • Une voiture rouge

* When the masculine adjectives end on “-t “, “-d “, “-s “, normally you don’t pronounce these letters. It changes however when you add the “-e ” in the feminine form.

** If the masculine adjective ends in “-e “, nothing changes.

Doubled consonant

Sometimes the last consonant is doubled in the feminine form of the adjective:

Masculine Feminine
  • Il est mignon
  • Un livre ancien
  • Un pont bas
  • Elle est mignonne
  • Une histoire ancienne
  • Une voitre basse

 

Adjectives ending in “-x “

The masculine adjectives ending in “-x “ become “-se “ in the feminine.

Masculine Feminine
  • courageux
  • curieux
  • sérieux

but !

  • rêveur
  • menteur
  • sportif
  • courageuse
  • curieuse
  • sérieuse

 

  • rêveuse
  • menteuse
  • sportive

Strange cases

Masculine Feminine
  • Un beau* livre
  • Un gentil* garçon
  • Un vieux* moulin
  • Un drapeau blanc
  • Une belle histoire
  • Une gentille fille
  • Une vieille maison
  • La maison blanche

The placement of the French adjectives

In general, the French adjectives come after the noun they describe, unlike the English adjectives.

There are exceptions* of course. Some of the examples autre, haut, petit, vieux, grand, faux, beau

  • De l’autre côté de la rue
  • Un très haut bâtiment
  • Une petite rue
  • Des faux amis
Eiffel Tower Painting
Eiffel Tower Painting

Exercises

Exercise 1:

 

Exercise 2: 

 

Exercise 3: 

In this exercise you need to chose which adjectives describe best the given painting. You need to chose between the positive and negative terms.

Leave a Reply