Lesson 10: What do you like doing in your free time ?

Simple French Lesson 10 on how to say what your hobbies are and what you like doing. Learn how to ask questions and how to answer using “I / You like”.

1. Dialogue : “Qu’est ce que tu aimes faire ?”

Antoine: Qu’est-ce que tu aimes faire Marie ?
Marie: Tu veux dire pendant mon temps libre ?
Antoine: Exactement. Quel est ton passe temps favori ?
Marie: J’aime lire et regarder des films.
Antoine: Quel genre de livres aimes-tu ?
Marie: J’aime les livres d’aventure et de la littérature populaire. Pour les films, j’adore les vieux films français. Et toi, Antoine ?
Antoine: Moi, j’aime la musique. Ecouter, jouer et chanter, ce sont mes passions !

 

2. Notes

Grammar

! This lesson uses Simple Present Tense (Le présent). It also focuses on the use of the adjective quel

The verb aimer

aimer: to love, to be fond of, to like, to enjoy
J’aime les voitures allemandes.

Tu aimes faire du sport.

Il / Elle aime sortir avec des amis.

Nous aimons la cuisine espagnole.

Vous aimez le café ?

Ils / Elles aiment voyager.

  • Negative sentence:
    • Je n’aime pas le café. ne (or n’ if a vowel comes after it) + verb + pas
    • You need to use definite article (le / la / les) when you want to say that you like or don’t like something in particular.
    • ! Je taime ! = I love you ! but J’adore Paris ! = I love Paris !
    • ! Je t’aime bien = I like you.
    • J’aime bien cette couleur. = I (somewhat / kind of) like this colour.    
Vocabulary

 

French English
aimer to like / to be fond of
dire to say
pendant during / while / in
un passe temps a hobby
lire to read
regarder to look / to watch
quel / quelle which / what
(un) genre type / sort / kind
adorer to really like
écouter to listen to
jouer to play (in instrument or a game (sport / video)
chanter to sing
une passion a passion
Useful expressions

Some Useful Expressions:

  • Qu’est ce que tu veux dire ? What do you mean ?
  • Je suis fou / folle de toi / de basket / de joie  !  I’m crazy about you / basketball /  I’m mad with joy !
Additional Vocabulary

Some  examples of hobbies: 

French English
écouter de la musique to listen to music
l’équitation / monter à cheval horse riding
le cyclisme cycling / bicycling
surfer sur le net to go web surfing / web browsing
jouer de la guitare to play the guitar
le basket basketball
jouer au foot to play football
sortir to go out
parler avec des amis to talk with friends
courir / faire du jogging to run / to go jogging
aller à la pêche / pêcher to go fishing / to fish
jardinage / jardiner gardening / to do some gardening
nager / faire de la natation to swim
cuisiner / faire de la cuisine to cook

3. Exercises

Translate the following sentences:

1. What do you like doing ?
Qu'est-ce que ?
2. What do you mean ?
Qu' ?
3. I love Paris !
!
4. We like Spanish food.
Nous .
5. They (feminine) don't like travelling.
Elles .
6. I somewhat like this car.
cette voiture.

4. Homework

  1. Write what you like doing. Choose 1 or 2 activities that you like, 1 that you like so-so and 1 you don’t like. Do this in the first person singular ( Je ….) and the second person singular (Tu …)
  2. Learn the dialogue by heart. You may replace the activities you like with the ones of your choice.

The cover image by Vincent Anderlucci.

Lesson 3: Nice to Meet You !

simple-french lessons

Learn what to say in French when you meet people for the first time and how to introduce other people. Look up the words and do the interactive exercise at the end check your knowledge of the vocabulary from the dialogue.

1. Dialogue

Nice to Meet You !

Alberto, un garçon italien, va à l’Université il a cours de français. Sur son chemin il rencontre Marc, un ami français.

Marc: Salut Alberto !
Alberto: Salut Marc ! Comment ça va ?
Marc: Ça va bien. Et toi ?
Alberto: Moi aussi, merci.
Marc: est-ce que tu vas ?
Alberto: Je vais à la fac. J’ai un cours de français dans une demi heure.
Marc: Alberto, je te présente Marie. C’est une amie.
Alberto: Enchanté Marie !
Marie: Salut Alberto !


2. Notes

Vocabulary

French English
aller to go.

Eg. Il va à l’Université. He goes / is on his way to the University.

where*

*(see the questions words in French below)

(un) cours course / classes / lessons.

Eg. des cours de français. French lessons.

(un) chemin way / path / track.

Eg. J’ai perdu mon chemin. I’ve lost my way.

rencontrer to meet
(un/une) ami a friend.
salut Hello / Hi.
bien well.

Eg. Tu parles bien français. You speak French well.

la fac the uni. (informal way of saying “the University” in French. It is the short for “la faculté”)
présenter quelqu’un (à quelqu’un) to introduce somebody to somebody.

Eg. Je te présente Anne. Let me introduce you to Anne.

C’est This is / It is.

Ce (it) + est (to be).

Enchanté(e) The word literally means “enchanted” but is used as the English Nice to meet you.

  • Enchanté (boy)
  • Enchantée (girl)

The pronunciation stays the same.

 

A. Asking how somebody is:

 

Informal (Friendly) Formal (Polite)
  • Comment ça va ?
  • Ca va ?
  • Comment vas-tu ?
  • Tu vas bien ?
  • Quoi de neuf (Used when you haven’t seen someone for some time)
  • Vous allez bien ?
  • Comment allez-vous (Madame, Monsieur) ?
  • Comment ça va Monsieur / Madame ?
Grammar

Le présent ( Present Tense )
aller = to go. Conjugaison du verb (Verb conjugation)

Personal pronoun verb example
je vais à la plage.
tu vas à la maison.
il / elle / on va faire des courses.
nous allons en cours.
vous allez bien ?
ils / elles vont bien ensemble.

 

The basic Question Words in French:

French English
Qui ? Who ?
Quoi ? / Que ? What ?
? Where ?
Quand ? When ?
Pourquoi ? Why ?
Comment ? How ?

Phonetics

/ɛ̃/ italien bien, chien 
/y/ salut, une, d
/œ/ heure, beurre, sœu

Don’t forget about the liaison in French ! Almost always you need to make a liaison when a consonant (d, t, s, z, x, f, n) is followed by a vowel (e, i, o, u)

Je vais_à la fac 

 

Je vais_à la fac 

metro-paris-stephen-h-flickr


3. Exercises

Explanation of the exercise

Type in the French translation of the sentence in English. If you are stuck or need a suggestion, look closely into the dialogue above. Some detail might have escaped your attention.


  The punctuation marks have already been added there for you. Don't add the punctuation mark ( " . ", " ? ", " ! ") at the end of the sentence as it won't validate your answer ! Sometimes you may be asked to add a comma ( " , ") inside a sentence.
  For the French characters, if you don't know how to type them on your keyboard, please use the virtual keyboard provided below the exercise. The French characters are necessary for the sentences to be correctly completed. Otherwise, your sentence won't be validated.
  Please, remember: this kind of exercise, that is reading the lesson first and then trying to retrieve it from your memory and / or helping yourself by looking back into the lesson is EXTRAORDINARILY efficient. You will be surprised how fast you will learn and how quickly you will actually build your own sentences.

Translate the following sentences

1. How is it going ?
?
2. How are you ?
?
3. Fine, and you ?
a) It goes well, ...
?
b) I'm (going/doing) well, ...
?
4. I’m going to the uni.
Je .
5. (Let me) introduce you to Marie.
Marie.
6. Nice to meet you !
!
7. He has got his French lesson at the University.
Il à l’Université.
8. Where are you going ?
?

 


 

4. Homework

  1. Read the dialogue out loud several times (3-5  times). The same goes for the pronunciation exercise.
  2. Using what you have learnt in lessons 1 and 2, write a short dialogue between Marie and Alberto. Write the possible questions that Marie could ask Alberto and make up the answers for Marie too (her age, nationality, where she is going).