Basic French Verbs


10 Basic French Verbs

In this lesson you will learn 10 besic albeit probably the most important and the most frequent French verbs.

It is always wise to start learning any language by trying to master the most frequent verbs as they they allow to express the most important needs.

The list below doesn’t include the two key verbs in most of the languages: to be: être, and to have: avoir. These verbs have a separate article dedicated to their meaning and their conjugation.

These verbs are also the most useful for a tourist or someone going to France and who would like to know the basis.


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The Most Important French Words for Tourists


When you arrive to France there are some words that you will need to feel more at ease. In this lesson you will find a list of the most basic albeit essential French travel words with translation and example sentences. If you really want to learn these words you must do the interactive exercises that follow this lesson below the vocabulary table. 


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French Nationalities

Knowing the names of different nationalities (les nationalités) will not only allow you to tell something about yourself but also it will help you to get to know better the person you are talking to, especially if he/she is a foreigner.

Things to remember:

  • As with majority of the French adjectives, there is a masculine and feminine form for most of the names of nationalities. All you need to do is to add an “-e” to the masculine form.  Eg. français / française
    • Most of the time it will change the pronunciation  français / française (z) but there are some exceptions where it stays the same: Eg. espagnol / espagnole
    • If the name of the adjective of nationality ends with “-e”, the word stays the same. Eg. Paul est suisse. / Marie est suisse
  • The names of nationalities in French are written in small letters, unlike in the English language !

Names of Nationalities in French: 

French French feminine English
français française French
anglais anglaise English
sénégalais sénégalaise Senegalese
marocain marocaine Moroccan
allemand allemande German
russe russe Russian
américain américaine American
espagnol espagnole Spanish
suédois suédoise Swedish
britannique britannique British
écossaise écossaise Scottish

Names of the Countries

You may also want to learn the names of the countries in French that go with the names of these nationalities. Have a look at this lesson. 

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3